Plans for a shake-up which can pressure tech giants reminiscent of Google, Apple, Amazon and Fb to pay extra taxes within the international locations the place they do enterprise have been introduced by the OECD.
The principles are designed to sort out the problem of huge firms parking their European income in low-tax international locations reminiscent of Eire or Luxembourg.
That enables them to see these income taxed beneath the extra beneficial charges that apply there moderately than within the international locations the place they make most of their gross sales.
The proposals by the Paris-based Organisation for Financial Cooperation and Growth (OECD) would reallocate some taxes the place the businesses “have vital consumer-facing actions and generate their income”.
OECD secretary-general Angel Gurria mentioned: “We’re making actual progress to handle the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economic system, and to proceed advancing in the direction of a consensus-based answer.”
The query over the place multinationals pay their taxes has grow to be a significant subject in Europe, the place some small international locations have been accused of providing advantageous tax phrases to huge firms that set up headquarters there.
For instance, the European Union has ordered Apple to pay Eire €13bn in again taxes after discovering their tax deal was unfair.
Mr Gurria urged governments to achieve consensus quickly to keep away from particular person international locations performing on their very own to tackle the multinationals.
“Failure to achieve settlement by 2020 would tremendously improve the chance that international locations will act unilaterally, with detrimental penalties on an already fragile international economic system,” he mentioned.
“We should not enable that to occur.”
The most recent OECD proposals shall be mentioned by finance ministers from the G20 group of main world economies at a gathering later this month.
Negotiations will then start among the many 134 international locations which have backed the precept of recent guidelines with the goal of reaching a deal subsequent 12 months.
The OECD is proposing to focus on firms with annual revenues of greater than €750m.
Taxes would apply in a rustic the place they’ve a consumer-facing enterprise, even when they don’t have a everlasting established enterprise presence there.
That might cowl huge digital firms reminiscent of Fb and Google in addition to shopper items makers reminiscent of Apple in addition to automobile makers.
It could then need to be decided whether or not an organization’s gross sales exceed a sure stage in a rustic that will make them taxable – a threshold that is still to be negotiated however may very well be tailored relying on the scale of the nation.
The OECD proposals then name for a method – additionally but to be decided – to ascertain how a lot of an organization’s worldwide revenue may be taxed in a given nation the place it does enterprise.